View over Alkmaar Alkmaar is a city in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Alkmaar has a historic center with 399 national monuments and 700 city monuments. The city is known as 'the cheese city'. A traditional cheese market takes place every week from the beginning of April to the end of September. A resident of Alkmaar is called an Alkmaarder, but is popularly known as a 'cheese head'.